Charles Lindbergh



Hero of Aviation
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Charles Lindbergh - Source: http://www.acepilots.com/lindbergh.html

In 1927, young and unknown pilot Charles Lindbergh became the first man to fly a solo, nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. With his successful landing in Paris on May 21st, Lindbergh became one of the most iconic figures of aviation. At the time he was an international hero. Today he is still remembered for his landmark flight and many later contributions to the world.
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Commemorative Airmail Stamp for Lindbergh's Trans-Atlantic Flight - Source: http://wapedia.mobi/en/Spirit_of_St._Louis

Charles Lindbergh was born on February 4, 1902. He was 21 when he bought his first plane and began to practice performance flying. In 1924 he entered an army flying school in Texas, graduating first in his class. He then took a job as an airmail carrier, the first to fly between Chicago and St. Louis.

At this time, the race was already on for who would be the first pilot to cross the Atlantic. In 1919, businessman Raymond Orteig had promised a $25,000 prize for the first nonstop trans-Atlantic flight. When Lindbergh took up the challenge, several people had already perished in the attempt.

Many thus doubted Lindbergh’s chances of success. Lindbergh chose to make the flight alone, in a specially designed plane that he had helped engineer. It was named the Spirit of St. Louis, after the St. Louis businessmen that had funded its construction.

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Lindbergh at a Parade in His Honor - Source: http://www.acepilots.com/lindbergh.html

Lindbergh entered the annals of history with the success of his flight, but his career in aviation did not end after he collected Orteig’s prize. Decorated by President Calvin Coolidge with the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Flying Cross, Lindbergh continued for many years to be an active pilot and adviser in the aviation industry.

He died on August 26, 1974 of lymphoma.

Lymphoma
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A Dividing T-Cell; Lymphoma Affects These and Other Cells of the Immune System - Source: - http://wiki.medpedia.com/Image:643px-Mitosis_In_A_Lymphoma_Cell.jpg?filetimestamp=20080827184000

Description of lymphoma:
Lymphoma is a cancer in the lymphatic cells of the immune system. Typically, lymphomas are presented as a solid tumor of lymphoid cells.

Symptoms:
Causes:
  • Anorexia (loss of appetite and inability to eat)
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Anorexia - Source: Google Images

  • Chemical solvents such as acetone, alcohol, toluene, xylene, turpentine, and benzene.
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Toluene - Source: Google Images
  • Dyspnea (difficult or labored breathing)
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Dyspnea - Source: Google Images

  • Chemicals used for defoliation and pest control
  • Agent “Orange”
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Planes Spraying Agent Orange - Source: Google Images
  • Fever of unknown origin
  • Fatigue (weariness from bodily or mental exertion)
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Source: Google Images

  • Hair Dye
  • Inherited Immune Deficiencies
  • HIV/AIDS
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HIV/AIDS - Source: Google Images
  • Lymphadenopathy (chronically swollen lymph nodes)
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Lymphadenopathy - Source: Google Images

  • Epstein-Barr Virus (A kind of virus that belongs to the herpes family and invades the immune system)
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Epstein-Barr Virus - Source: Google Images
  • Weight loss
  • Pruritus (Itching)
  • Night sweats

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Source: Google Images
  • Helicobacter Pylori (a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that can inhabit various areas of the stomach, particularly the antrum. It causes a chronic low-level inflammation of the stomach lining and is strongly linked to the development of duodenal and gastric ulcers and stomach cancer.)
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Helicobacter Pylori - Source: Google Images

Epidemiology:
Lymphoma is the most common form of hematological malignancy, or "blood cancer", in the developed world.
Taken together, lymphomas represent 5.3% of all cancers in the United States and 55.6% of all blood cancers.
Lymphomas account for about five percent of all cases of cancer in the United States, and Hodgkin's lymphoma in particular accounts for less than one percent of all cases of cancer in the United States.
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Distribution of Deaths Due to Lymphoma Worldwide - Source: Google Images

Treatments:
  • Chemotherapy
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Source: Google Images

  • Radiotherapy
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Source: Google Images

  • Bone marrow transplantation
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Source: Google Images

  • Immunotherapy
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Source: Google Images

Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by the presence of a type of cell called the Reed-Sternberg cell. The other category is non-Hodgkin lymphomas, which include a large, diverse group of cancers of immune system cells.

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Hodgkin Lymphoma - Source: http://www.faqs.org/health/Body-by-Design-V1/The-Lymphatic-System-Ailments-what-can-go-wrong-with-the-lymphatic-system.html


Conclusion
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Charles Lindbergh - Source: http://www.charleslindbergh.com
It is unknown how Charles Lindbergh came to develop lymphoma, as he could have encountered various risk factors during his life. His first symptoms of the cancer were detected in October 1972 during a routine physical examination. A biopsy confirmed that the abnormal nodes found by his doctor were cancerous. In January Lindbergh underwent three days of radiation therapy, which provoked months of weakness and a loss of thirty pounds due to an anemic reaction. Because of his low blood count, Lindbergh suffered from flu and other diseases throughout 1973, but further biopsies and blood tests seemed to indicate that the radiation therapy had worked to send the cancer into remission.

Lindbergh’s cancer returned to cause problems in June 1974, complicating a fever. It had spread through his lymphatic system to affect his bone marrow. In July he started receiving chemotherapy and blood transfusions, the latter of which proved immediately effective.

However, the results of further blood tests indicated that this improvement would only be temporary. Lindbergh received further chemotherapy and blood transfusions following these conclusions, but by this time had only a month left to live. He died on August 26th, the lymphoma having metastasized to his lungs.

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Lindbergh's Grave in Hawaii - Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/unit2345/1631471244/


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