Biography:
Christina Applegate was born on November 25, 1971, in Los Angeles, California. She was just three months old when she made her acting debut with her Mother, Nancy Priddy, on Days of our Lives. After various little acting opportunities she landed the role as Kelly Bundy on Fox's popular sitcom Married... With Children at age fifteen. Christina also appeared in The Big Hit, Mafia!, Jesse, Just Visiting, The Sweetest Thing and A
View From the Top. She had married her longtime boyfriend, Jonathan Schaech, in October 2001 and divorced in Nov
christina_applegate.jpgember 2005. After that she met Lee Rivals, Alaskan fisherman and aspiring photographer, through a colleague in her Broadway show Sweet Charity and they had a rough relationship, especially because of his constant problem with usage of drugs. Once aware of here breast cancer, Christina chose to have a double mastectomy because she had tested positive for the BRCA1 breast cancer gene. After her surgery and recovery, and to this day, Applegate donates her time to fighting breast cancer by speaking publicly about the disease and raising money for research. With that she has been recognized as a well-respected champions of breast cancer awareness. Fortunately, she is in remission 3, almost 4 years now and recently welcomed baby girl Sadie Grace with fiancé Martyn LeNoble.


Breast Cancer General Information:

Breast Cancer is a common cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are two types of breast cancers; one is Ductal Carcinoma, which is the most common. It occurs in the tubes that move milk from the breast to the nipple. The second type of breast cancer is Labular Carcinoma, which occurs in the lobules of the breast that are responsible for producing milk.



General Risk Factors:
  • Age and Gender- Chance increases with age, women are 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer then men
  • Family History- About 20-30% of women who develop breast cancer either have or had a family member with a history of this disease
  • Menstrual Cycle- Women that get their periods before age 12 have an increased risk of developing breast cancer
  • Genes- BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that are passed down from your parents give a person an 80% chance of developing breast cancer

Symptoms:

Early stages of breast cancer do not cause symptoms, which is why examination is important
  • Lumps in the breast or in that armpit that are not painful
  • Change in the size,shape, or feel of the breast or nipple
  • Fluid coming from the nipple, could be either puss or blood
  • Bone pain
  • Breast pain or discomfort
  • Arm pain
  • Significant or unintended weight loss

Hope for People with Breast Cancer:
There is renewed hope for people with breast cancer because there are three major developments in the fight against breast cancer, all which have occurred in the past few years. With the increase of technology, the survival rate is increasing. The second major victory was the finding of a new drug, Arimidex, which when, taken by hormone receptor-positive patients, it reduces the risk of recurring cancer. Thirdly women who cut out fat in their diet during treatment, it reduces the risk of recurrence and survival. The increase in technology and research helps create better treatments fro patients that have breast cancer.


Stages of Breast Cancer:

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Epidemiology:
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  • Ratio of females who develop breast cancer compared to men who are at risk to develop breast cancer is 100:1
  • Caucasian women are more likely to develop cancer then African American women
  • African American women have the highest death rate from breast cancer at 31.0 per 100,000 people
  • Approximately 1 in 8 women in the United States are predicted to develop breast cancer in her lifetime
  • About 70-80% of breast cancers affect women whose family have no record or history of breast cancer
  • In 2010, more than 2.5 million women who have been affected with breast cancer have survived

Christina Applegate's Treatment:

Christina's cancer was caught in the first stages when receiving an MRI, the doctor had even told her that her cancer was not life threatening. Applegate had two lumpectomies but luckily, only one breast was cancerous. She then received a gene test to discover she had the BRCA1 gene, the genetic mutation causing breast cancer. She then decided that it was best to have the prophylactic mastectomies. She had both of her breasts removed to eliminate the risk in getting breast cancer in the other breast.

Risk Factors:
  • History of the BRAC1 gene in her family
  • Mother had both breast cancer and ovarian cancer
  • Denser breast tissue which had prevented her from getting a regular mammogram that was accurate


Christina's Organization:
Right Action for Women organization will help give women the right protection they need from getting breast cancer. It offers financial aid to high risk women who cant afford to get MRIs. Christina quotes that” It’s unfortunate that insurance companies (in America) don't cover the cost of that. It's such an incredible device because you can find it at an early detection stage. We started our pilot program and started helping women already, even though we aren't launched."
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Christina Applegate

Christina Applegate



Bibliography:

“Breast Cancer.” Mama’s Health. Mama’s Health, Inc., 2011. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.mamashealth.com/‌cancer/‌breastcancer.asp>.
“Christina Applegate Biography.” bio. True Story. A&E Television Networks, 2011. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.biography.com/‌articles/‌christina-applegate-9542531>.
“Epidemiology of Breast Cancer.” MedicineWorld.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2011. <http://medicineworld.org/‌cancer/‌breast/‌epidemiology-of-breast-cancer.html>.
Hitti, Miranda. “Christina Applegate’s Mastectomy: FAQ.” WebMD. WebMD, LLC., 20 Aug. 2008. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/‌breast-cancer/‌news/‌20080820/‌christina-applegates-mastectomy-faq>.
Jordan, Julie, and Stephen M. Silverman. “Christina Applegate Has a Baby Girl.” People. Time Inc., 1 Feb. 2011. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.people.com/‌people/‌article/‌0,,20462652,00.html>.
National Cancer Institute, Fact Sheet. N.p., 29 May 2009. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.cancer.gov/‌cancertopics/‌factsheet/‌Risk/‌BRCA>.