Ed Sullivan was born on September 28, 1901 and grew up in Harlem as an only child. As a young kid, he adored everything about sports. He landed his first job as a sportswriter for a variety of newpapers. However, he did some radio broadcasting and journalism as well. Sullivan made his big break when he wrote a feature about Broadway in The New York Daily News. The company then hired him to write a column called "Little Ole New York," which was about city life in general. In the late 1920's Sullivan met his wife, Sylviaedsullivan.jpg Weinstein and began to go into radio broadcasting. He landed his first job at WABC as a radio host 1932 but also took on radio interview shows on NBC and CBS. Four years later, Sullivan had his own show called "Ed Sullivan Entertains," at CBS. From there, his career took flight. He became a household name and was mostly known for his show, "The Ed Sullivan Show," and for his ability to spot new talent. Ed Sullivan was responsible for introducing popular musicians such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and Elvis Presley to America. Ed Sullivan died on October 13, 1974 after losing his battle to Esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer
In 2010, about 16,640 people were diagnosed with esophageal cancer in the United States according to the American Cancer Society. Of these 16,640 people, 14,500 of them died. Cancer of the esophagus is not one of the most common cancers but it is one of the deadlier diseases. Only about 12% of those diagnosed survive.
sfda.jpgThere are two types of esophageal cancer. The most common is called Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. This is cancer is found in the lower part of the esophagus near the stomach. The second type of esophageal cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. This is the least common and it is found in the upper part of the esophagus. This type of esophagus cancer is not common in America, but is the most common in other countries.

Stages of Esophegeal Cancer


In many cases, esophageal cancer is not caught until it has progressed into the third or fourth stage because it is rare and there are no sure tell signs that it is esophagus cancer unless a biopsy is preformed. The symptoms of esophageal cancer include:
Esophageal Cancer Tumor

· Swallowing pain
· Back and chest pain
· Heartburn
· Food getting stuck in throat often
· Weight loss
· Hoarse voice

· A cough

Risk Factors hjk.jpgCancer of the esophagus is a fairly rare cancer and it is one that can be prevented for the most part. Risk Factors included being 65 or older. This is one factor that cannot be prevented and is a risk when you get older. Another factor is being male. Males are 3 times more likely to get esophageal cancer than females. One risk factor that causes esophageal cancer and can be prevented is smoking. Smoking is one of the major causes of esophagus cancer. Heavy drinking is also another preventable risk factor of esophageal cancer. A heavy drinker is someone who has more than 3 alcoholic drinks a day. A beer every once and a while is ok but more than 3 drinks a day is unhealthy and is another major cause of esophageal cancer. Obesity and diet are two other risk factors. To prevent these eat fruits and vegetables with antioxidants to help improve your diet. Acid reflux is a risk factor of esophageal cancer because it causes damage to the esophagus tissue.

Survival Rate
The survival rate for esophageal cancer is not high because this cancer is not usually caught until it’s too late. Here are the statistics for the survival rates of the stages of esophageal cancer.

Five year survival rate
Cancer cells in epithelial layer
Cancer cells start move from epithelial layer
Cancer cells start to metastasize and attack muscles in esophagus
Cancer cells start to metastasize the adjoining lymph nodes and organs
Cancer cells spread to other lymph nodes
Cancer cells spread to organs and lymph nodes farther from esophagus
Less than 5%

Esophageal Cancer Tumor
Esophageal Cancer Tumor

If you or a loved one thinks they have esophageal cancer there are three ways to diagnosis it. Barium swallowing is one of the tests done to diagnosis cancer of the esophagus. For this test, the patient is given a barium solution to swallow. Then an X-ray is taken and if there are tumors in the esophagus they will show up on the X-ray. Another way to diagnosis esophageal cancer is an endoscopy. This is where a doctor places an endoscope down the patient’s esophagus. The camera on the endoscope will show any growths or tumors in the esophagus. The most accurate way to diagnosis esophageal cancer is to perform a biopsy. This is one a small piece of tissue is taken from the esophagus.

If you or a loved one is diagnosed with esophageal cancer, the one thing to remember is to keep a positive mindset and to never give up. For esophageal cancer, there are 3 types of treatments.

Radiation therapy
The part of the esophagus that is infected is removed
The drugs are administered intravenously and are given in cycles. The drugs kill rapidly dividing cancer cells. the drugs also kills cells like blood cells, hair cells, and digestive cells
There are two types: Internal and external. For this treatment a tube is stuck down the esophagus and radiation is released. This treatment is usually only preformed once
There are also many clinical treatments that are available to try. One of these clinical treatments is called p53-Adjusted Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Potentially Resectable Esophageal Cancer. This treatment is available for people whose cancer is potentially able to be surgically removed. Click here for more information on this clinical treatment.

The Jimmy FundAlthough Ed Sullivan was not diagnosed with cancer until a fews years before his death in 1974, he still supported cancer organizations even before he was diagnosed. The Jimmy Fund was created in 1948 and is devoted to to raise the chances of survival for cancer patients around the world. In the early 1950's Ed Sullivan made a public service announment for the Jimmy Fund.

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